当前位置:首页 » 英语阅读 » 高一英语必修四课文阅读理解

高一英语必修四课文阅读理解

发布时间: 2023-09-18 20:51:45

高中英语必修四第五单元课文翻译 : a trip along the three gorges;

三峡之旅

In August 1996, Peter Hessler, a young American teacher of English, arrived in the town of Fuling on the Yangtze River.

He and a colleague were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college.

They were the only foreigners in the town. The first semester finished at the end of
January and they had four weeks off for the Spring Festival.

They could go anywhere they wished. They decided to take a boat downstream.
We decided to buy tickets for the Jiangyou boat.

我们打算买到“江油号”的船票。

Our colleagues said, “You shouldn’t go on those ships. They are very crowded
. They are mainly for goods and people trading along the river.

同事们说:
“你们不要坐那种船。它们太拥挤,主要是用来运货的。乘客多事沿江做生意的人。

They don’t stop at the temples and there won’t be any other foreigners.” That sounded
fine to me.

那些船不停靠庙宇,也不会有别的外国游人乘坐。
”我觉得听起来还不错。

We just had to show our passports and they let us get on the boat.
我们出示护照后边上了船。

We left the docks on a beautiful afternoon. The sun was shining brightly as we sailed downstream through a hilly region.

在一个美丽的午后,我们离开码头。当我们顺流而下穿过山区的时候,阳光很灿烂。

Men rode bamboo rafts along the river’s edge and coal boats went past.

男人们乘坐着江边的竹筏,运煤的小船来来往往。

As the sun set we docked at Feng. We could see the sun setting behind the white pagoda. It was beautiful.

太阳落山时,我们的船在丰都靠岸。我们目睹太阳在白塔后西沉,美丽极了。

We slept through the first gorge, which is called the Qutang Gorge.

穿过长江第一峡——翟塘峡时,我们正在睡梦中。

The gorge narrows to 350 feet as the river rushes through the tow-mile-high mountains.

江水在两英里高峰峦间奔流,峡谷狭窄处只有350英尺。

“Oh, well,” my friend said, “at least we have two more left.”

我朋友说;“至少我们还能看见另外两个峡谷”。

At Wushan we made a detour up the Daning River to see some of the smaller gorges.

船到巫山时,我们绕道溯游大宁河,观赏了几处小峡谷。

The next day we went through the ig gorges on the Yangtze River. It was a lovely morning as we went through the Wu Gorge.

第二天,我们经过了长江的大峡谷。在一个美丽的上午轮船驶过巫峡。

We passed the Xiang River, home of Qu Yuan, the 3rd century BC poet. There was so much history long the Yangtze River.

我们还经过了湘江,那是公元前三世纪一位诗人——屈原的家乡。

Every rock looked like a person or animal, every stream that joined the great river carried its legends, every hill was heavy with the past.
长江有太多的历史。块块巨石形象各异,条条支流都流淌着传说,座座小山承载着过往。

As we came out of the third gorge, the Xiling Gorge, we sailed into the construction site of the dam.
穿过长江三峡西陵峡后,轮船驶入大坝建设处的江面。

All the passengers came on deck. We took pictures and pointed at the site, but we weren’t allowed to get off the boat.

所有乘客都上了甲板,大家拍照片,对着工地指指点点,但不可以下船。

The Chinese flag was blowing in the wind. On a distant mountain was a sign in 20-foot characters. “Build the Three Gorges Dam, Exploit the Yangtze River,” it said.

五星红旗在风中飘扬着。远山上写着英尺大的汉子“建造长江大坝,开发长江资源”

Ⅱ 人教版高中英语必修4《Unit 2 Working the land》教案

人教版高中英语必修4《Unit 2 Working the land》教案【一】

教学准备

教学目标

(1)知识目标:让学生通过阅读课文更多地了解我国著名的农业科学家袁隆平的科研成果及其影响。

(2)能力目标:让学生进一步使用恰当地阅读方式与技能,如略读(skimming),快速阅读(fast reading),细读(close reading)等

(3)情感目标:让学生不但学习袁隆平的科研精神,更要学习他不计较名利,踏踏实实的生活态度。

教学重难点

1.阅读课文更多地了解我国著名的农业科学家袁隆平的科研成果及其影响。

教学过程

1. 话题的引导。(Pre-reading)

1).开头通过设计了一首熟悉的诗歌,让学生知道话题---farming.

2).涉及到提高产量从而解决世界饥荒问题,从而引出本节课的中心话题--伟大人物袁隆平。

2. 跟读与限时阅读 完成导学案练习

贯彻目的与困难策略,指导学生根据不同的阅读目的,在阅读的不同阶段,灵活使用各种阅读策略,捕捉文章主要信息,理解作者的写作意图,突破本文的教学重点与难点。采用整体语言教学法和任务型语言教学法。

1)、通过限时阅读训练,引导学生如何利用略读(skimming)的方法把握文章的大意,侧重培养快速阅读理解能力和文章中心把握能力。

2)、精读各个段落语段,侧重培养快速捕捉文章重要细节的能力和猜测生词的能力,学会欣赏文章中的优美句子。

3: 阅读过程--浅层次阅读。(Reading I)

1). 其中关于人物的基本信息中,通过设计了一个信息表格的浅层次阅读练习,对文中人物有了初步了解。

2). 关于他的梦想,书本上描写得非常生动,我让班里有艺术特长的学生画了一幅漫画,利用画面反映课文第四段所描述的内容,同时用第一人称配了声音效果。

4. 阅读过程--深层次阅读。(Reading II)

在处理了一些简单信息之后,阅读人物最重要的是要读出人物不同于其他人的成就以及值得学生学习的一些可贵品质。就这两方面的内容,设计了一棵树的形象,引导学生去寻找袁隆平作出的成就以及他身上拥有的可贵品质。

5.知识点的处理:由句子的分析带出语言点,记住句子,记住了单词用法

课后习题

一、单词拼写

1. ____________ vt. & vi. 斗争; n.努力

2. ____________ adj. 感到满意的

3. ____________ n.自由; 自主

4. ____________ vt. & vi. 配备; 装备

5. ____________ n. 产量, 输出量

6. ____________vt. 输出 n.出口

7. ____________vt. 搞乱, 使糊涂

8. ____________ n. 补给; vt.提供

9. ____________ adj. 适当的, 相配的

10. ___________vt. 使膨胀 vi. 发展

二、单词运用

1.We had a ___________(努力) to stop the criminal.

2. The document will be _____________ (传阅) to all members.

3. I’ll type your report if you’ll baby-sit in e_________.

4. Our farm ___________ the market with fruits and vegetables.

5. We should s__________ the results of the exam briefly and report to the headmaster.

6. Sydney’s population _____________ rapidly in the 1960s.

7. He has a ____________ (晒黑的) face and bright eyes.

8. The plane _________ speed as it was approaching the airport.

9. The workers there worked _______ crazy, with only thirty minutes’ break at noon.

10. He __________ (耕作) the farm with great success.

Comprehending:Paraphrase these sentences.

1. At that time, hunger was a disturbing problem in many parts of the countryside

2.Using his hybrid rice, farmers are procing harvests twice as large as before.

3. Thanks to his research, the UN has more tools in the battle to rid the world of hunger.

4.He would much rahter keep time for his hobbies.

Consolidation Exercise;

1._____ your generous help, or I will not overcome the difficulty.

A.Thanks to B. Because

C. Thanks for D. Thank to

2. It is so_______ that he is always making noises.

A. disturbed B. disturbing

C. disturb D. disturbs

3. He missed the bus, for ________ he came late for work..

A. whom B. that C.where D. which

4.你必须戒除掉自己吸烟的坏毛病。

5. 满意于学生的成绩,他如释重负的笑了。

6. 他宁愿在家里看电视也不愿意打篮球。

人教版高中英语必修4《Unit 2 Working the land》教案【二】

教学准备

教学目标

二、 教学目标

1.让学生了解我国著名的农业科学家、中国科学院院士袁隆平的科研成果,以及他的杂交水稻技术对我国乃至世界其他国家的巨大影响。

2.让学生在学习袁隆平科研精神的同时了解他的生活态度并用形容词概括他的品格特征。

3.让学生进一步学习使用恰当的阅读方法与技能,如在细读(close reading)推断(infer)和总结归纳(summarizing)的能力,来把握课文内容并获取信息、处理信息。

教学重难点

二、 教学目标

1.让学生了解我国著名的农业科学家、中国科学院院士袁隆平的科研成果,以及他的杂交水稻技术对我国乃至世界其他国家的巨大影响。

2.让学生在学习袁隆平科研精神的同时了解他的生活态度并用形容词概括他的品格特征。

3.让学生进一步学习使用恰当的阅读方法与技能,如在细读(close reading)推断(infer)和总结归纳(summarizing)的能力,来把握课文内容并获取信息、处理信息。

教学过程

Step1 Lead-inand pre-reading(3mins)

1. 导入并揭题

教师在课前让男女生分成两部分来坐,黑板上画出男生队和女生队以竞赛的形式来开展课堂活动。

教师先让学生看一组国外瘦骨嶙峋的儿童图片来激发学生思考什么导致这种情况的发生,之后再导入中国三年自然灾害大饥荒时的图片,引导学生说出“谁”改变了中国让我们能吃饱饭,以此引出“袁隆平”A Pioneer for all people.

T: Let’s look at somepictures on the screen and tell me what problem they show? … What aboutChina?….Who saved us and helped us solve the problem of hunger?

2. 介绍文体

教师让学生在读前猜测文章的文体是什么,并简单解释人物传记。

T:Beforereading let’s guess what may be the style of the passage?

A. a story

B. a travel journal

C. a biography (An introction to a person)

[意图说明] 教教师先让学生看一组国外瘦骨嶙峋的儿童图片来激发学生思考什么导致这种情况的发生,之后再导入中国三年自然灾害大饥荒时的图片,引导学生说出“谁”改变了中国让我们能吃饱饭,以此引出“袁隆平”,并在读前预测是什么文体,为下面的阅读做好铺垫。

Step2 While- reading(3mins)

1. Skimming

教师让学生快速阅读全文并找出段落大意。

T:Now let’s skim the textquickly and then find the main idea of each paragraph.

2. Carefulreading

教师让学生分别阅读每一个段落,并在各段落中设置不同程度的问题,由理解性的浅层问题到深层次的延伸问题。深层次的延伸问题可以通过四人小组合作解答。如果学生回答的不是很准确或者不知道怎样回答,教师再根据情况给予指导,并对学生的回答给予评价并用得分的形式展示在黑板上。

T:Ok, let’sread the text carefully and answer my questions on the screen, if you can’t doit by yourself, you can discuss them in group four. Now begin.

【Para1: Q1】

Informationof Dr. Yuan’s appearance and achievements

Appearance:

Achievement :

Why does Dr. Yuan consider himself as afarmer?

【Para2: Q2】

Informationof Dr. Yuan’s great contributions

1) Hiscontribution toChina

What do the numbers 22%and 7% refer to? Please find the sentences including them.

2)His contribution to the world

What are theinternational effects of his research on the UN?

【Para3: Q3】

Informationof Dr. Yuan’s hobbies and personality

1)Whatare his hobbies?

2)Whydoesn’t he care about fame and money?

a) fame:

b) money:

【Para4: Q4】

Informationof Dr. Yuan’sdreams

1)Whatare his two dreams?

3. Post-reading

Whatkind of person is Yuan Longping?

教师在理解完课文之后让学生总结袁隆平的性格特征,通过quiz的形式,用给出的句子所反映出的有关性格特征的形容词进行选择,培养学生的推断能力和总结归纳的能力。最后用形容词总结归纳出袁隆平的性格特征。

[意图说明]教师通过让学生带着问题阅读以及各部分深浅层问题的设计让班级里不同层次的学生均有所收获,通过小组讨论以优带差并同过男女生竞赛的形式调动同学们回答问题的积极性和参与性,同时学习了袁隆平的科研成果,以及他的杂交水稻技术对我国乃至世界其他国家的巨大影响。最后的形容词归纳竞赛环节使学生进一步分析每个句子所折射出的性格特征以外还加强了同学们归纳总结的能力,并且进一步加深和理解了袁隆平的生活态度。

Step 3Debating (5mins)

教师先指出袁隆平先后获得“国家特等发明奖”、“首届国家最高科学技术奖”等

多项国内奖项和联合国“科学奖”、“沃尔夫奖”、“世界粮食奖”等11项国际大奖,他本可以过着一个非常富有的生活,但是他却像一个农民一样工作,太奇怪了,他是一个傻瓜么?然后让同学们讨论他的行为是否已经过时了。然后再以此题目开展男女生的辩论赛。

T:Look atthe pictures on the screen ,we have known that Dr. Yuan has received so manyawards in the world and he could have lived a very rich and comfortable life,but he still lives like a farmer! It’s so strange, do you think he is a fool? …

Let’s have a debate “Do you think whether ornot his actions and spirit are out of date(过时的)?Why or why not?”

Sentence patterns:

I think his actionsand spirit are out of date now. Because… It’s a great pitythat…/It’s better for people to …

I don’t think hisactions and spirit are out of date. Because… It’s a good value(品德) for people to … From him we can learn a lot—how tobe/do…

[意图说明]教师先给学生展示袁隆平所获得的众多奖项和奖金来说明他本可以过着富足而且舒适的生活,与他却像农民一样辛苦的在田地里劳作形成鲜明对比,进而引出接下来要辩论的问题,同时也给辩论双方提供了素材和句式,从而让他们通过辩论的形式再次说明袁隆平博士为了科研现身的精神和他的生活态度值得我们尊敬和学习。

Step 4Assignment (5mins)

1. Design a poster about Yuan Longping bysurfing the internet or reading some other materials.

2.Write an article about Dr. Yuan and evaluatehim.

[意图说明]课后任选一份作业来写,是对于课堂内容的一个延伸,一份是设计海报:通过学习本课后结合网上搜索到的一些材料设计一份宣传袁隆平的海报让更多的人了解他学习他身上的优秀品质。第二份是写一篇有关袁隆平介绍的文章并对其进行评价,通过学习本课了解袁隆平的生平和他的科研成果,及他的杂交水稻技术对我国乃至世界其他国家的巨大影响,并对其品格特征进行总结评价,加深对人物的理解。

Ⅲ 高一英语阅读理解及答案(2)

高一英语阅读理解及答案

高一英语阅读理解【4】

A man went to see his doctor one day, because he was suffering from pains in his stomach. After the doctor had examined him carefully, he said to him, “Well, there‟s nothing really wrong with you, I‟m glad to say. Your only trouble is that you worry too much. Do you know, I had a man with the same trouble as you here a few weeks ago, and I gave him the same advice as I am going to give you. He was worried because he couldn‟t pay his tailor‟s bills. I told him not to worry about the bills any more. He took my advice and when he came to see me again two days ago, he told me that he now felt quite all right again. ” “Yes, I know all about that,” answered the patient sadly. “You see, I‟m that man‟s tailor!”

根据以上短文内容判断正误,正确的用“T”表示,错误的用“F”表示。

1. The tailor went to see his doctor because he has got a headache.

2. There is nothing serious with the tailor.

3. A man with the same trouble as the tailor a few days ago.

4. The doctor gave the man and the tailor the same advice.

5. The tailor was worried because a man couldn‟t pay his bills.

【答案及解析】

1. 选F。根据第1句A man went to see his doctor one day, because he was suffering from pains in his stomach可知本题是错误的。

2. 选T。根据…there is no thing really wrong with you (tailor)可知裁缝的身体并没有什么大碍,故可判断此题与短文内容相符。

3. 选F。根据句子Do you know, I had a man with the same trouble as you here a few weeks ago可知本题所叙述的时间与短文内容不一致,因此可判断此题是错误的。

4. 选T。根据…and I gave him the same advice as I am going to give you可知答案。

5. 选T。通读全文我们可知:上一个病人是担心他自己不能付钱给他的裁缝,而这个裁缝的病因却是因为担心那个人不能付钱给他的。

高一英语阅读理解【5】

I‟ve loved my mother‟s desk since I was just tall enough to see above the top of it as mother sat doing letters. Standing by her chair, looking at the ink bottle, pens, and white paper, I decided that the act of writing must be the more wonderful thing in the world.

Years later, ring her final illness, mother kept different things for my sister and brother. “But the desk,” she‟d said again, “it‟s for Elizabeth. ”

I never saw her angry, never saw her cry. I knew she loved me; she showed it in action. But as a young girl, I wanted heart-to-heart talks between mother and daughter.

They never happened. And a gulf opened between us. I was “too emotional(易动感情的)”. But she lived “on the surface(表面)”.

As years passed I had my own family. I loved my mother and thanked her for our happy family. I wrote to her in careful words and asked her to let me know in any way she chose that she did forgive(原谅) me.

I posted the letter and waited for her answer. None came.

My hope turned to disappointment(失望), then little interest and, finally, peace— it seemed that nothing happened. I couldn‟t be sure that the letter had even got to mother. I only knew that I had written it, and I could stop trying to make her into someone she was not.

Now the present of her desk told, as she‟d never been able to, that she was pleased that writing was my chosen work. I cleaned the desk carefully and found some papers inside —a photo of my father and a one-page letter, folded(折叠) and refolded many times.

Give me an answer, my letter asks, in any way you choose. Mother, you always chose the act that speaks louder than words.

根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。

1. The writer began to love her mother‟s desk ______.

A. after Mother died B. before she became a writer C. when she was a child D. when Mother gave it to her

2. The passage shows that ______.

A. mother was cold on the surface but kind in her heart to her daughter

B. mother was too serious about everything her daughter had done

C. mother cared much about her daughter in words D. mother wrote to her daughter in careful words

3. The word “gulf” in the passage means ______.

A. deep understanding between the old and the young B. different ideas between the mother and the daughter

C. free talks between mother and daughter D. part of the sea going far in land

4. What did mother do with her daughter‟s letter asking forgiveness?

A. She had never received the letter. B. For years, she often talked about the letter.

C. She didn‟t forgive her daughter at all in all her life. D. She read the letter again and again till she died.

5. What‟s the best title of the passage?

A. My letter to Mother B. Mother and Children

C. My mother‟s Desk D. Talks between Mother and Me

【答案及解析】

1. 选C。根据I‟ve loved my mother‟s desk since I was just tall enough to see above the top of it as mother sat doing letters. 可知作者当时还是个小孩子,故选C。

2. 选A。由But she lived “on the surface ”. 和全文内容可知,作者的母亲表面上很冷漠,但心里充满了对作者的爱,正确答案是A。

3. 选B。从I was “too emotional”. But she lived “on the surface”. 可知此词是指两人之间不同的看法和观点,应选B。

4. 选D。根据…a photo of my father and a one-page letter, folded and refolded many times. 可知应选D。

5. 选C。文章的开头I‟ve loved my mother‟s desk…以及后面的Now the present of her desk told, as she‟d never been able to…可知作者是托物思人,以表达自己对母亲的怀念之情,所以最佳标题应是C。

高一英语阅读理解【6】

One day the famous American scientist Albert Einstein met an old friend of his on a street in New York.

“Mr Einstein,” said the friend, “ it seems that you need to put on a new overcoat. Look, how worn-out it is!”“It doesn‟t matter,” answered Albert Einstein. “No one knows me here in New York.”

Several years later they met in New York again. Einstein had been a world-famous physicist after then but he still wore the same old overcoat.

Once more his friend persuaded him to buy a new one.

“There is no need now,” said Einstein, “Everybody here has known me.”

根据短文内容,回答问题。

1. Where did Albert Einstein met an old friend of his? ___________________________

2. What did the friend want him to buy? ______________________

3. How about Einstein‟s overcoat? ___________________________

4. Did Einstein still wear the same old overcoat when he became a world-famous physicist? ___________________

5. What did Einstein say when the friend persuade once more him to buy a new overcoat? __________________

【答案及解析】

1. On a street in New York。所问的问题是“爱因斯坦在那儿遇见了他的老朋友?”根据One day the famous American scientist Albert Einstein met an old friend of his on a street in New York(一天,在纽约的一条街道上,著名美国科学家爱因斯坦遇见了他的一个老朋友)就能作出上述回答。

2. A new overcoat。所问的问题是 “他的朋友让他买什么?” 根据“ it seems that you need to put on a new overcoat. Look, how worn-out it is!”(“你该穿一件新大衣了。看,你的大衣多么破呀!)就能作出上述回答。

3. Very old。所问的问题是 “爱因斯坦的大衣怎么样了?” 根据文章的标题就能作出上述回答。

4. Yes, he did。所问的问题是 “成名之后的爱因斯坦仍然穿同一件破大衣吗?” 根据Several years later they met in New York again. Einstein had been a world-famous physicist after then but he still wore the same old overcoat. (几年之后,他们再次在纽约相遇了,这时候的爱因斯坦已经成了世界著名的大科学家。然而,他仍然穿着那件破大衣)就能作出上述回答

5. There is no need now. Everybody here has known me。所问的问题是 “当朋友再次劝爱因斯坦买一件新大衣时,他是怎么说的?” 根据“There is no need now,” said Einstein, “Everybody here has known me.”(爱因斯坦说:“没有必要了,这儿的人都知道我了)就能作出上述回答。

;

Ⅳ 亲~请给我高一英语必修4第四单元的两篇课文的中文翻译!

①-昨天,我和另一个学生,代表我们学校的学生会,到首都国际机场迎接今年的国际学生。他们来到北京大学研究。我们会把他们第一次的宿舍和对学生食堂。半小时后,等待他们的航班到达,我看见几个年轻人走进了等候区,好奇地向四周张望。我站了一分钟看他们,就去迎接他们。

第一个到达的是从哥伦比亚来的加西亚托尼,紧随其后的是朱丽亚·斯密从英国。在我遇见他们,然后把他们介绍给对方,我很惊讶。托尼走近朱丽亚,摸了摸她的肩,并亲了她的脸!她后退了几步,很吃惊地举起了手,好像是在防御。我猜有可能是一个大误会。阿基拉田从日本来到微笑,与加拿大一起做饭。因为他们介绍,他伸出手给日本学生。就在那一刻,然而,阿基拉先生让他的鼻子碰上的移动手。他们的另一个文化的错误道歉!

艾哈迈德阿齐兹,另一个是国际学生,从乔丹。昨天见面时,他非常接近我做自我介绍。我搬回了一点,但他走近问问题,然后握着我的手。当达莲娜从法国来到科龙冲破门,她承认托尼加西亚的微笑的脸。他们握了手,然后亲吻对方两次在每个脸颊,因为这是法国定制成年人符合他们所认识的人。艾哈迈德,阿齐兹。反之,只是点头的女孩。男子从中东和其他穆斯林国家往往会站得很近,对其他人说话但是通常不碰女人。

我认识更多外国朋友,我学到了更多的文化“身体语言”。并非所有的文化都以相同的方式来互相问候,也不尽相同,与触摸或人与人之间的距离。在相同的方式,人们用口语交流,他们也表达自己的感情用无声的“语言”,通过物理距离,动作或姿态。英国人,例如,通常不很接近或触摸别人的陌生人,只要他们满足。然而,来自诸如西班牙,意大利或南美国家的人们更喜欢近距离触摸它们。现在世界上多数人握手互相问候,但是一些文化用别的方式,如日本,他们更喜欢鞠躬。

这些行为是不好的或坏的,但仅仅是文化进步的方式。我所看到的,然而,是肢体语言的文化习俗非常一般,不是一种文化的所有成员的行为相同的方式。一般来说,虽然,学习国际惯例当然可以帮助避免我们在今天的世界文化的十字路口!
②-

肢体语言是一种非常强大有力的沟通方式,往往比口语更为强大。世界各地的人们展示各种各样的情感、愿望和态度,他们可能永远不会大声说话。它是可能的,“读”我们周围的人,即使他们不打算让我们搭乘他们没有沟通。当然,肢体语言可能误读,但许多手势和行动是普遍的。

最普遍的面部表情,当然,这微笑——它的功能是指幸福和使人感到自在。它并不总是意味着我们是真正的快乐,但是。世界各地的微笑可以是假的,隐藏其他感觉象是愤怒、恐惧或担忧。有不愉快的微笑,例如,当某人丢了面子”和微笑”,躲着它。然而,一般目的的微笑是指感觉良好。

从时间我们是婴儿,我们证明不幸和生气的眉头皱了起来。世界大多数地方,眉头转身回到某人的显示的愤怒。制作一个拳头和摇晃了它几乎总是意味着某人生气,威胁到另一个人。

有许多方式来展示世界各地的协议,但点头头部上下用于协议,几乎世界各地。大多数人也明白动摇头部,摇头意味着不同意或拒绝。 如何表现我厌烦?要远离的人或打哈欠会,在大多数案例中,让我似乎不感兴趣。然而,如果我转向,看着某人或某事,人们从几乎每一种文化都将会认为我有兴趣。如果我卷我的眼、使我的头走吧,我最可能不相信我所听到或不喜欢它。

被尊重的人都是主观的,基于每个民族的文化,但一般来说,这很可能不是一个好主意给一个拥抱,你的老板或老师。几乎在每一个文化中,它通常不是好站得太靠近的人的更高的等级。站在一段距离张开双手将表明,我愿意倾听。

有这么多的文化差异的人来说,这是一个优秀的有一些相似之处的肢体语言。我们经常可以是错误的,所以它对彼此是一个令人惊异的事情让我们彼此了解像我们一样!

Ⅳ 速求高一英语必修四UNIT4第二篇短文翻译

I、课外练习参考译文: 将来水的问题会变得更加尖锐复杂。不断增长的人口将大量增加城市废物,主要是生活污水。另一方面,用水需求的不断增长将使得可用于稀释废水的水量大大减少。快速发展的工业越来越多地采用各种复杂的化学方法,从而使废水大量增多,而很多废水中含有种种有害的化学物质。为了养活迅速增长的人口,农业必须集约化,这就会不断增加农用化学品的用量。由此看来,必须立即采取果断行动研究污染问题的整治措施。 整治污染问题的方法有两种。第一种是通过废物处理减少污染的危害,包括固体废物排放“之前”的处理和液体废物或污水的处理,从而实现水的循环利用或者尽量降低最终排放前的污染程度。 第二种方法是开发全部或部分废物的经济利用。农田中施用农家肥补充肥分或有机肥。有些地区使用污水处理厂排放的污水进行灌溉施肥。其他水处理厂排出的废水也可用作补充水源。现在,禽肉加工等许多行业正在把原先废弃的下脚料加工成可供出售的副产品,其他行业也在研究废弃物的经济利用可能途径。 II、英汉翻译原理第三讲:怎样理解原文? 【例25】 For some people hope dies slowly. 【译文】 对有些人来说,希望不会轻易破灭。 【例26】 In planning my drive to the airport, I will factor in a cushion: to allow for the unexpected, such as heavy traffic or a flat tire. 【译文】 我在安排开车前往机场时,总会考虑留一点时间,以防路上遇到交通堵塞或者轮胎漏气等意外情况。 【例27】 The blue in his fine eyes seemed to preclude his being a Syrian, but there was an encouraging curve in his nostrils. 【译文】 看他那双蓝眼睛,他似乎不可能是叙利亚人,但看他鼻子的曲线,却又使人觉得他很有可能是的。 【例28】 The pace was comfortable, so I decided to stay where I was. 【译文】 我觉得这种步速跑起来轻松,所以我就决定保持这种速度。 【例29】 He always lives ahead of his salary. 【译文】 他总是不到发薪水的日子就把钱花完了。或:他的薪水总是不够花。美国语言教学家Wilga M. Rivers 说过理解中要掌握三个层次的意义,即词语意义、语法或结构意义以及社会和文化意义(the three levels of meaning: lexical meaning, structural or grammatical meaning, and social-cultural meaning)。 【例30】 So that's how I became just another kid in school. 【译文】 就这样,我成了学校里一名和其他孩子一样的普通孩子。 【例31】 At first, they were being nice. 【译文】 起初人们只是出于一时的好心。 【例32】 John Major faces severe social and economic problems as well as tough debate over European integration, but his top priority will be to maintain the Tories' long lease on 10 Downing Street. 【译文】 梅杰面临严重的社会和经济问题以及关于欧洲统一的艰苦辩论,但是他的当务之急将是维系保守党的长期执政。德国译学教授Wolfram Wilss说:Translating requires the syntactic, semantic, stylistic and text-pragmatic comprehen­sion by the translator of the original texts.(翻译过程要求译者在句法、语义、文体和语篇语用各方面对原文的进行理解。)一、要理解原文语句的内部关系: 【例33】 Go to hell! You report what I have done to the authorities. ×去你的吧!你去向领导汇报我对他们的不敬吧! 【译文】 去你的吧!你去向领导汇报我的所作所为好啦! 【例34】 He ate his savoury, and hurried the maid as she swept the crumbs. ×他一边吃着最后的一道消食小吃,一边催促女佣人赶快打扫碎屑。 【译文】 他吃完最后的一道消食小吃,在女佣人打扫碎屑时,催她快一点。 【例35】 Derek fancies himself as a ladies' man, but he spends too much time admiring himself in the mirror for my liking. ×德里克自以为是讨女人喜欢的人,可是为了讨我喜欢,他却花很多时间在镜子面前自我欣赏。 【译文】 德里克自以为是个讨女人喜欢的人,可是我不喜欢他花那么多的时间在镜子面前自我欣赏。 III、课堂练习(以下各句的译文在理解上都有问题。请正确理解以下各句,并指出译文中的理解错误)及参考译文: 1. My delegation is not satisfied that the case has yet been made for convening such a broad conference. ×我方代表团对于没有人提出理由说明应召开如此广泛的会议很不满意。我方代表团认为,还没有人提出充分理由说明应召开如此广泛的会议。(satisfy 说服,使确信)2. The nationalized instries have been spoon-fed for so long that they don't care whether they give value for money, or make a profit or loss. ×国有工业长期受到优厚待遇, 他们不在乎钱, 也不在乎盈利或亏损。一些国有行业长期受到优厚待遇,他们不在乎钱花得是不是值得,也不在乎盈利或亏损。3. I was not quite sure whether they had locked the door; and when I dared move, I got up and went to see. Alas! no jail was ever more secure. ×我不敢肯定他们是不是把门锁上了;等到我敢走动的时候,我站起身来走过去看看。天啊!没有一所监狱更加牢固。我不敢肯定他们是不是把门锁上了;等到我敢走动的时候,我站起身来走过去看看。天啊!锁得牢牢的好象监狱一般。4. Very hesitatingly I selected a tube of blue paint, and with infinite precaution made a mark about as big as a bean on the snow-white field. ×我迟疑不决地选了一管蓝色颜料,然后小心翼翼地画了一笔,就像雪白的田野上的一粒蚕豆那么大小。我迟疑不决地选了一管蓝色颜料,然后非常小心翼翼地在画布雪白的底色上点了豆子般大小的一点。5. I agree with you that many laws are unjust, but if you make every law a matter of conscience you will end up in jail. ×我同意你的意见,很多法律是不公正的,但如果你都凭良心来制定每项法律的话,你最终就得坐牢。我同意你的意见,很多法律是不公正的,但如果你对待每项法律都要讲良心的话,你最终就得坐牢。6. Ring farewell to the century of physics, the one to which we split the atom and turned silicon into computing power, ×向物理世纪告别吧,在这个世纪里,我们分裂了原子,把硅变为计算机的动力。向物理学的世纪告别吧,在这个世纪里,我们实现了原子的分裂,我们把硅变成了计算能力。7. The sun sets regularly on the Union Jack these days, but never on the English language. ×现在太阳从英国国旗上有规则地落下,但是英语却不是这种情况。/ 现在英国国旗上照到的阳光日益减少,但英语却不是这种情况。现在,英国已不再是个“日不落”的国家了,但是英语却还是在广泛地流行使用。(Union Jack英国国旗)8. I hear the Hindoo teaching his favorite pupil the loves, wars, adages, transmitted safely to this day from poets who wrote three thousand years ago. ×我听见有三千年前的诗人们书写的、完好无损地流传至今的、有印度教士传授给得意门生的、有关爱情故事、战争和格言。我听见印度人在向他的得意门生传授爱情故事、战争和格言,这些都是由三千年前的诗人所写并完好地流传至今。

Ⅵ 高一英语短文阅读理解

英语作为高一必修的一门课程,对于初中阶段和高中阶段的英语学习起著承前启后的关键作用。下面是我整理的高一英语短文,欢迎阅读!
高一英语短文篇一
Redifine Yourself

How do you difine yourself? As a mother, father, daughter or any one of a myriad different titles? Or do you define yourself by other's perception of you? Do any of these e close to your own knowledge, your personal experience of whom you really are?

In your quiet moments, in times of inexplicable joy, have you had the overwhelming and yet clear and lucid feeling of total invincibility -- a feeling that nothing can hold you down, that you can acplish anything and everything if you put your mind to it? Well, that feeling is not a random one.

What is ti that gets in the way of your exquisite power?

In fact, the infinite power that is naturally present in each and every one of us by virtue of own consicousness, can be rendered ineffectived if not tended to properly. The stress of our lifestyle, the pollution of our environment, and the collective stress of our world keeps us from functioning at our full potential.

But there are remedies: incorporate modalities in your lifesyle that effectively bat stress and help keep you centered. Some of these opinions are:

Be aware of what you eat, what you use -- both on yourself, and in your environment. Choose natural, organic procts.

Live a life of kindness, passion, and charity -- it keeps you connected to your center, your source, that infinite reservoir within you that is your powerhouse.

Don't judge people, or situation -- approach each moment with the potential of any number of possibilities.

To connect with your real nature that is unbounded and invincible, practice yoga and mediation

Once you are in touch with your true nature, then nothing is beyond your means-- you are truly empowered. And that is an accurate definition of you!
高一英语短文篇二
Think What You Are!

Carbon and oxygen taken together, one atom each, gives you the deadly gas carbon monoxide. On the other hand, these very two elements on some other proportion provide us with carbon dioxide, the harmless gas. When these basic elements can behave in this way so can the human mind!

All human beings inhale the air from this very earth, consume nearly the same kind of food and live under the same sky gaining energy from its only source Sun. Then what makes an indivial distinct from each other? It's the attitude, the behavior that distinguishes one from other person. The thought process going on in our brains is what differs.

Solely our brains control our body, which in turn controls our living, our peace and happiness and overall progress as an indivial. What we input is what we get. What we think is what we develop into. What we feed into our brains is what we get the oute as. On reaping good thoughts and positive attitude in our minds the good follows. Bad thoughts creeping in should be plucked and thrown off as soon as possible.

Human body takes mands from its brains and works. Our brains are functional always. So any kind of thought nurtured in our brains remain there even when we are not aware of their presence. These thoughts are processed without our conscious and the result follows. These outes can change our lives. At times when wrong words are spoken, they remain in our sub-conscious minds, without our awareness, and the wrong follows.

Brain as a physical thing is not aware of what is right and what is wrong. When we think about things in some way and the perspective with what we look at them for the first time remain in our mind. Our mind intends to take this perspective as true and makes way for it to follow. So on thinking well the good happens and wrong thought brings unhappy situations. Human beings learn from the situations faced in life and their thinking is affected by the circumstances faced. This in turn affects the thinking. Thus our life and our thoughts are mutually related. To lead a good life it is desired to think good.

So is rightly said, "What you think is not what you are… but what you THINK is what you are!"
高一英语短文篇三
Kiss of Reality

To talk of illusions, are't they great? Illusion or day dreaming help us to think of what we want to bee in life. We literally see how life revolves us in that position. It's an entirely different world of pleasure, fort and imagination. Most of our day dreaming or illusions make us more and more egocentric. The word ego means self. Hence by dreaming and visualization we bee self-centered. We never realize that things we dream of can be achieved by us by programming ourselves to work for it. But somehow the pleasure of dreaming ourselves as someone important takes us away from the realistic approach to achieve that level of self-satisfaction and self-acplishment.

This leads to an increase in the frustration levels of our mind. Why frustrations? This is because what we are, and what we dream of are totally different. We raise ourselves to a very high pedestal and we see that we are not able to live up to our expectations. And when this happens, we bee mentally restless.

The vital solution that will dissolve all our problems is to make up our minds to get realistic. This approach will make us e in terms with reality. And there is no better road to self-improvement rather than the path of reality. When you gauge yourself, you subconsciously make two columns in your mind. One consists of the things that you are good at, and the other consists of the ares where you can improve. And believe it will boost us to work on our weak areas and strengthen them. Fortifying your weak areas will harness your conscience and improve you convert would be to must be. And when someting must happen, it always happens. This new you will improve you for the better and increase your levels of self-esteem.It will change your outlook to things.

I would like to type the thoughts that have just sprung up in my mind. Read and ponder on each line.I admit that it's a sad aim at poetry, but I am allowing my mind to control my typing.

If you want to achieve what you couldn't have

If you want to be what you want to be

If you want to do what you can do,

but aren't doing

If there is a place,you want to be

but haven't been

You will get there, bee the one and do it

Cos its all in a state of mind.

Make up your mind and rule the stars.

Control your mind and make your fate.

I hope this conveys my thoughts with clarity. So it's some advice and suggestion to all those eyeballs running through this part of the book, to keep their heads on their shoulders without using heads and shoulders! And believe me guys; you guys have it in you to make it big. Just don't let that teenage iconoclastic habit rule over sense.

热点内容
她喜欢玩积木用英语怎么说 发布:2024-05-23 22:33:48 浏览:671
链路故障英语怎么说及英语单词 发布:2024-05-23 22:08:36 浏览:602
新单词生成记的英语怎么说 发布:2024-05-23 21:57:23 浏览:789
她喜欢拉二胡英语怎么说 发布:2024-05-23 21:55:40 浏览:615
她上七年级了用英语怎么说 发布:2024-05-23 21:55:40 浏览:402
我非常喜欢喝咖啡英语怎么说 发布:2024-05-23 21:45:22 浏览:210
红色英语中文怎么翻译 发布:2024-05-23 21:32:08 浏览:125
国考都要求英语四级吗 发布:2024-05-23 21:26:28 浏览:451
四级英语必会单词 发布:2024-05-23 21:05:31 浏览:521
英语四级听力之前有时间看题吗 发布:2024-05-23 20:55:36 浏览:394