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大学英语第二册怎么讲

发布时间: 2023-08-10 11:21:05

❶ 求新视野大学英语第二版第二册第九单元的教案文本

Unit Nine Section B
Part One: New Words
1. dissolve v. 1. (cause to ) come to an end (使)结束,(使)解体
The tension in the office just dissolves when she walks out.
她一走出去,办公室里的紧张气氛就烟消云散了。
The society was dissolved e to lack of members.
社团由于缺少成员而解散了。
2. be absorbed by a liquid 溶解
Keep stirring the tea until the sugar has dissolved.
搅动茶水,直到糖溶解为止。
Dissolve two spoons of powder in warm water.
将两匙粉末溶解于温水。
2. overtake v. 1. (of sth. unpleasant) reach suddenly 突然降临于,意外侵袭
The family was overtaken by tragedy several years ago, and
they still haven't recovered. 几年前,这家人突然遭遇不幸,现在还没恢复过来。
She was overtaken by sorrow when her husband died. 丈夫去世时,她悲痛欲绝。
2. come from behind and pass 追上,赶上,超过
It's dangerous to overtake another car on a bend.
在弯道处超车是危险的。
Exports have already overtaken last year's figure.
出口量已经超过了去年。
3. vary v. (cause to) change or be different (使)不同,更改,改变
Salary scales vary from state to state. 工资高低因州而异。
The samples varied in quality but were generally acceptable.
这些样品质量不一致,但大体可以接受。
4. optional a. chosen or not as one wishes可任意选择的,非强制的,随意的
The charge for going into the museum is optional.
这座博物馆的门票可付可不付。
Art and music are optional. 艺术和音乐是选修的。
5. inflation n. [U] a general continuous increase in prices 通货膨胀
I hope the new measures will contribute to preventing the house
price inflation. 我希望新的措施将有助于防止房价上涨。
Inflation usually affects many countries at the same time.
通货膨胀通常同时影响着许多国家。
6. weave v. 1. twist (long objects) together; make (sth.) by doing this 编织
It takes great skill to weave a basket from grasses.
将草编成篮子需要极高的技巧。
She is good at weaving straw into hats. 她擅长编草帽。
2. put facts together to make a story编造,汇编
She wove the story around a specific theme.
她围绕一个特定的主题编了这个故事。
The biography weaves together the various aspects of Einstein's
life. 这本传记汇编了爱因斯坦一生的方方面面。
7. casual a. 1. showing little concern 漠不关心的,不经意的
She walked into the room with no more than a casual glance at the
children standing outside. 她走进房间,只是冷漠地瞥了一眼站在外面的孩子们。
Although close to tears, she tried to make her voice sound casual.
尽管她都快哭了,她还是想使自己的声音听上去很漠然。
2. (of clothes) not formal (衣服等)非正式的,随便的
casual wear 便服
For some people casual clothes mean a T-shirt and old jeans.
对于有些人来说,休闲便装指的是T恤衫和旧牛仔裤。
3. happening by chance or without planning 偶尔的,偶然的
Most of the building work was done by casual labour.
这座大楼的大部分建造工程是由临时工完成的。
She had a number of casual jobs ring the university holidays.
大学假期期间,她担任过很多兼职。
8. migrate vi. 1. move from one place to another 移居,迁移
Millions have migrated to the cities because they could not
survive in rural areas. 数百万人因无法在乡村生存而移居城市。
Pioneers from New England migrated to all parts of the United States. 来自新英格兰的开拓者迁移到美国各地。
2. (of birds and fish) travel to a different place迁徙,定期迁移,洄游
In September these birds migrate 2,000 miles south to a warmer climate.九月里,这些鸟迁徙2,000英里到达气候温暖的南方。
These birds migrate northwards in spring and southwards in fall.
这些鸟春天向北迁徙,秋天向南迁徙。
9. scrape v. 1.live with no more than the necessary money 勉强维持
He scraped a living (by) selling old clothes.
他靠卖旧衣服勉强维持生活。
2. remove (a top layer, etc.), esp. by using a sharp edge刮,擦
Jack scraped his knee on the wall as he was climbing over it.
杰克爬墙时擦伤了膝盖。
I was woken up by the branches scraping against my bedroom
window. 树枝擦着卧室窗户所发出的声音弄醒了我。
n. 1. [C, U] the act or sound of scraping 刮,擦;刮擦声
I haven't hurt myself seriously — it's just a scrape.
我没有受什么伤——只是擦了一下而已。
I hate the scrape of chalk on a blackboard.
我讨厌粉笔在黑板上刮的声音。
2. [C] a difficult situation caused by one's own foolish behavior
(因愚蠢行为而造成的)困境
The children are always getting into scrapes.
孩子们总是使自己陷入困境。
10. subtract v. take (a number) from another number 减去,扣除
You have to subtract 25% tax from the sum you receive.
你必须从所得款中扣除25%的税款。
When you subtract 3 from 7, the answer is 4. 7减去3等于4。
11. trim vt. 1. remove or rece what is unnecessary 削减,减少,缩减
We have to trim a lot off our travel budget.
我们不得不大幅度削减旅行预算。
The article's too long. Can you trim it?
这篇文章太长了,你能否删掉一些?
2. make sth. neater, smaller, better by cutting parts from it 修理,修剪
Could you just trim my hair? 你能帮我稍稍修剪一下头发吗?
My grandfather would spend hours in front of the mirror trimming
his beard. 我的祖父在镜子前要花上数小时来修理胡须。

Part Two: Text Analysis
1. serve as: perform certain ties; fulfil the purpose of 担任...;作...用,起...作用
He then served three years as an officer. 他后来当了三年军官。
Her illness certainly served as a means of getting attention.
她的病当然起到了引人注意的作用。
The children used an old sheet to serve as a curtain. 孩子们用一张旧床单做帘子。
2. be related to: be connected or associated with与... ...相关,与... ...有联系
The rise in the cost of living is directly related to the price of oil. 生活费用的上涨与石油价格有直接关系。
Heart disease is related to stress. 心脏病与精神压力有关。
3. a variety of: a lot of things that are different from each other, but of the same general type
The college offers a wide variety of courses for women wanting to return to ecation. 该大学为有志返校接受教育的女子提供了各种课程。
Rowe always kept a variety of pills and medicines in his bedroom closet. 罗威总是在卧室的柜子里存放各种各样的药丸和药剂。
4. dozens of: lots of; a large number of people or things, etc., but not more than a hundred许多,数十个
I've tried phoning her dozens of times. 我给她打了很多次电话。
5. by the time: when到... ...的时候
By the time this letter reaches you I will have left the country. 你收到这封信时,我已离开了这个国家。
By the time I arrived at the stadium they had lost the match. 等我到达体育馆时,他们已经输掉了比赛。
6. care for: be responsible for; look after照看,看护
Who cared for her while she was ill? 她生病时谁照顾她?
Uncle Dick is very good at caring for sick animals.迪克大叔照顾生病的动物很在行。
7. north: n. the direction opposite to the south
I live in the north of China. 我居住在中国北部。
Leeds is in the north of England. 利兹位于英格兰北部。
a.

❷ 新视野大学英语视听说教程第二册教案

新视野大学英语视听说教程第二册教案

电子教案
一、21世纪大学英语(部分): 1 2 3
二、新视野大学英语读写教程(部分): 1 2 3 4
三、(新视野)大学英语(视听说)第一册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5 unit 6 unit 7 unit 8
(新视野)大学英语(视听说)第二册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5
(新视野)大学英语(视听说)第三册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5 unit 6 unit 7 unit 8 unit 9
(新视野)大学英语(视听说)第四册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5
四、大学英语(全新版)读写第一册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5 unit 6 unit 7 unit 8
大学英语(全新版)读写第二册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5 unit 6 unit 7
大学英语(全新版)读写第三册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5 unit 6
大学英语(全新版)读写第四册:
unit 1 unit 2 unit 3 unit 4 unit 5
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新视野大学英语视听说教程第二册六到十单元lead_in答案

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新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 1 International
Clock Talk
Short Conversations
1.B 2.D 3.C 4.D 5.C 6.C 7.B 8.B 9.A 10.C
Long Conversation
1.D 2.D 3.A 4.B 5.C
Understanding a Passage
1.C 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B
Movie Speech
1.upset 2.sick 3.law 4.harmless 5.break
6.replaced 7.memories 8.natural 9.birthday 10.appreciate
Story-retelling
1. Sit quietly and listen to him 2. A blank stare
3. Put it a different way 4. speak up in class
5. In turn/ a great deal of
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.D 2.C 3.B 4.D 5.B
Task 2 1.C 2.A 3.B 4.A 5.C
Task 3
1.the age, size and future 2.seventy years ago
3.increase with distance 4.late that month
5.a light year 6.distances in space
7.other measurements 8.support the idea
9.slow down and break up 10.or possibly even older
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 2 All that Glitters Is Olympic Gold
Short Conversations
1.B 2.B 3.C 4.C 5.C 6.A 7.A 8.A 9.C 10.A
Long Conversation
1.D 2.B 3.C 4.D 5.D
Understanding a Passage
1.C 2.B 3.C 4.D 5.D
Movie Speech
1.training 2.touch 3.understand 4.appreciate 5.trouble
6.fighting 7.three 8.honest 9.cry 10.borrow
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.D 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.A
Task 2 1.A 2.B 3.C 4.B 5.D
Task 3
1.on the ball 2.did something unexpected
3.at the job or activity 4.hit it out of the park
5.think it over 6.is very suessful
7.plete a job or activity 8.did something wrong
9.how much it is worth 10.close to my selling price
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 3 Pros and Cons of mixed Marriages
Short Conversations
1.D 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.D 6.A 7.D 8.B 9. A 10.B
Long Conversation
1.A 2.B 3.D 4.D 5.A
Understanding a Passage
1.B 2.D 3.D 4.A 5.B
Movie Dialog
1.night 2.definitely 3.love 4.wise 5.My wife
6.26 7.died 8.youngest 9.goes by 10.gotten old
Listening and Speaking
1.physically OK 2.To the kitchen 3.a bowl of ice cream
4.I don’t need to write it down 5. a plate of bacon and eggs
Supplementary Listening
Task 1 1.A 2.B 3.D 4.C 5.D
Task 2 1.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.A
Task 3
1.they care about 2.performed marriages .
3.wait longer to get married 4.bring people together
5.plan a blind date 6.follow their cultural traditions
7.meant for the other 8.establishing a relationship
9.improve their chances 10.meet someone over the Inter
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 4 A Hunk of Burning Love
Short Conversations
1.D 2.B 3.C 4.A 5.B 6.D 7.A 8.C 9.C 10.B
Long Conversation
1.B 2.A 3.C 4.D 5.B
Understanding a Passage
1.C 2.B 3.D 4.B 5.A
Movie Speech
1.certain 2.oasionally 3.e along 4.receiving 5.delight
6.gathering 7.natural 8.special 9.weling 10.reminding
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.A 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.B
Task 2 1.D 2.C 3.A 4.C 5.B
Task 3
1.answer a question 2.to be admitted
3.copies of all school records 4.the results of the TOFEL
5.minimum aeptable TOFEL score 6.additional English training
7.conditionally aept students 8.taking regular class
9.provides more information 10.suessfully pass classes
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 5 Enough of worries and tears
Short Conversations
1.C 2.D 3.A 4.C 5.A 6.B 7.D 8.D 9.D 10.C
Long Conversation
1.B 2.D 3.A 4.D 5.A
Understanding a Passage
1.D 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.C
Movie Speech
1.everything the light touches 2.rises and falls 3.will rise with you 4.shadowy place 5.never go there 6.getting your way
7.exists together 8.respect all creatures 9.let me explain
10. in the great circle of life
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.B 2.A 3.D 4.B 5.C
Task 2 1.A 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.B
Task 3
1.one million new cases 2.have increased 3.drug treatments
4.gathered results 5.145,000 6.before it has spread
7.from ing back 8.rece by half 9.within 15 years
10.middle-aged women
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 6 What’s in a name?
Warming up
1.T 2.F 3.T
Short conversations
1.B 2.A 3.D 4.B 5.B 6.C 7.C 8.A 9.B 10.C
Long conversation
1.A 2.D 3.D 4.C 5.B
Passage
1.C 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.D
Movie dialog
1.important decisions 2.As in 3.agreed on
4.What’s wrong with 5.I mean 6.wait a minute
7.what a challenge 8.what he’s doing? 9.gets his way
10.ever imagined
Homework
Task 1 1.B 2.C 3.B 4.C 5.C
Task 2 1.B 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.D
Task 3
1.federal government 2.ecation reform law 3.be forced to
4.place importance on 5.calls for 6.main goal
7.by 40 percent 8.low-ine and minority
9.poorly performing students 10.free after-school help
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 7 Relax or Die
Short Conversations
1.B 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.A 6.D 7.B 8.C 9. D 10.C
Long Conversation
1.D 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.B
Understanding a Passage
1.C 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.B
Movie Speech
1.flight 2.heartbroken 3.tries real hard
4.witnessing a miracle 5.pletely 6.marriage
7.special oasions 8.sacrifices 9.dream
10.choose
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.D 2.D 3.A 4.C 5.A
Task 2 1.D 2.B 3.D 4.A 5.D
Task 3
1.severe mental health 2.published the findings
3.examined the results 4.gathered the information
5.learn what treatment 6.nervous anxiety
7.illegal drugs 8.less likely to admit
9.with serious disorders 10.prevent many serious cases later
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 8 Life Outside of Work
Short Conversations
1.B 2.A 3.C 4.D 5.D 6.D 7.C 8.B 9. A 10.B
Long Conversation
1.B 2.A 3.D 4.A 5.C
Understanding a Passage
1.B 2.C 3.C 4.A 5.B
Movie Speech
1.the light had gone 2.should remember
3.don’t go the right way 4.when we suffer defeat
5.you’re really tested 6.on the highest mountain
7.served this government and this country 8.always give your best
9.high hopes and good spirits 10. in our hearts
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.C 2.D 3.D 4.D 5.B
Task 2 1.A 2.C 3.B 4.B 5.C
Task 3
1.how much they expect to learn 2.dishonest reporting
3.are charged with 4.under pressure
5.include a warning 6.should not be held responsible
7.have influenced that decision 8.no reason to s
9.estimate earnings 10.to hide bad news
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 9 Only Losers Quit
Short Conversations
1C 2.D 3.A 4.A 5.D 6.B 7.A 8.B 9.C 10.C
Long Conversation
1.B 2.D 3.A 4.C 5.C
Understanding a Passage
1.B 2.D 3.C 4.C 5.B
Movie Speech
1.e on in 2.sweetheart 3.a part of life
4.your own destiny 5.God gave you 6.figure that out
7.a box of chocolates 8.explaining 9.had got the cancer
10.with little flowers on it
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.A 2.C 3.D 4.B 5.B
Task 2 1.C 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.A
Task 3
1.develop a plan 2.rece cancer rates
3.cancer prevention and control 4.a leading cause of death
5.on the rise 6.cancer-procing chemicals
7.aging populations 8.most mon forms,
9.more action is needed 10.early cancer testing
新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册Unit 10 The Tragedy of War
Warming up
1.F 2.F 3.T
Short Conversations
1.D 2.B 3.B 4.D 5.C 6.C 7.A 8.B 9.C 10.A
Long Conversation
1.D 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.D
Understanding a Passage
1.B 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.A
Movie Speech
1.guarded 2.a greater responsibility 3.Marines
4.probably saved lives 5.existence 6.parties
7. honor 8.spent defending something 9.freedom
10.Otherwaise
Listening and Discussion
1. A Japanese pen friend. 2. He had always criticized the nuclear attacks.
3. Around 140,000 people. 4. Open-ended.
5. Open-ended.
Homework Listening
Task 1 1.D 2.D 3.C 4.A 5.B
Task 2 1.C 2.B 3.D 4.B 5.A
Task 3
1.monthly payments 2.more money than
3.is expected to 4.be out of money
5.born out of 6.pay for itself
7.start with 8.survived the death
9.for the poor 10.all federal workers
应该是这个吧。

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新视野大学英语视听说教程第四册答案

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新视野大学英语视听说教程第四册第二版unit9答案

附赠Unit10求选用
Unit 9
Lead in
d f a h g c b e
Basic listening practice
ACDBA
Listening in
Task 1 BCDCB
Task 2 CDCAB
Task 3 downtown loan security agreed against underground settle
That’ll be $5000 in principal and $20.30 in interest.
We are very happy to have had your business, and this transaction has worked out very nicely, but we are a little confused.
Where else in Manhattan can I park my car for o weeks for only $20.30 and expect it to be there where I return?
Let’s talk
(1) trouble (2) sales (3) save (4) backed (5) salary (6) private medical (7) 100000 pounds (8) another (9) money (10) hire (11) debt (12) face the facts (13) securing (14) difficult (15) contacts (16) schoolboy excuse
Further listening and speaking
Task 1 environment economy minus enterprise benefits demands balanced,sustainable generations
Task 2 CDDAB
Task 3 BABAA
Viewing and speaking
(1) marketing campaign (2) huge challenge (3) market (4) football (5) eight new teams (6) time-consuming (7) the marketing and the anisation
Unit 9 Unit test
ACDCD
(1)-(7)measure modest showed weakest reluctant economist Analysts
(8)Inflation rose at a relatively speedy 3.3 percent rate in the second quarter, the same as at the start of the year
(9)Other data on Friday showed consumer spirits have brightened a bit this month while business activity has picked up in the Midwest
(10)When you bine the first quarter and the second quarter, we're growing at 3.75 percent, which is a very strong, sustainable growth rate
BCDAC
ADDAA DCBBA
Unit 10
Basic listening
DCABC
Listening in
Task 1 future needs shares risk banks 30 a half rate capital loss interchangeably savings
Task 2
DBCCA
Task 3
ABBAA
Let's talk
Task 1
1) they must sort out their cash flow problem by selling a part of the business to investors.
2) it's a realistic amount to take this manufacturing business forward.
3) they must update their initial business plan
4) it's time to put on the suit and try to sell part of Cyclepods to an investor.
5) so I'll have to... maybe get the heavies in or something.
6) The most important thing James needs to do over the next o months is to raise cash
7) Cyclepods can't do anything without an updated business plan.
8) it's back to basics for a fun evening of number crunching and spread sheets,
9) it's time for a professional and considered rehearsal to get his sales pitch just right.
10) Presentation skills are going to be crucial
Further listening and speaking
Further listening
Task 1
ABDBC
Task 2
CBDAC
Task 3
1. He has been following the roller coaster ride of his stock portfolio and it's driving him mad.
2. Stocks are pretty hard to predict. So she has put her money into hedge funds.
3. A hedge is a way of recing risk. A hedge fund is a pany that creates a stock portfolio that tries to balance the market activity.
4. Analysts examine stocks to assess which ones are likely to go up, and which will likely go down.
5. He says that if he leaves his money with a fund manager, perhaps the manager can trade his stocks in a more profitable way.
Viewing and speaking
Task 1 cash easy results pay bills head 26% close the deal figures idea plan fine business guide voting rights say strong point investment 150000 26%
Unit 10 Unit test
BDCDB
(1)-(7)indivial owned managed invest ownership shareholders investors
(8)shareholders are often able to own a greater and more diverse number of stocks than if they invested directly in the stock market
(9)the investment management pany sponsoring the fund issues new shares to investors and buys back shares from investors wishing to leave the fund
(10)The sponsor does not buy back or issue shares after a closed-end fund is launched, so the investor must trade them through a broker
CDCAA
BCADB CDADB

求新视野大学英语视听说教程4lead-in答案

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❸ 大学英语精读第二册第2课内容讲解

TEXT

A heated discussion about whether men are braver than women is settled in a rather unexpected way.

The Dinner Party

I first heard this tale in India, where is told as if true -- though any naturalist would know it couldn't be. Later someone told me that the story appeared in a magazine shortly before the First World War. That magazine story, and the person who wrote it, I have never been able to track down.

The country is India. A colonial official and his wife are giving a large dinner party. They are seated with their guests -- officers and their wives, and a visiting American naturalist -- in their spacious dining room, which has a bare marble floor, open rafters and wide glass doors opening onto a veranda.

A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who says that women have outgrown the jumping-on-a-chair-at-the-sight-of-a-mouse era and a major who says that they haven't.

"A woman's reaction in any crisis," the major says, "is to scream. And while a man may feel like it, he has that ounce more of control than a woman has. And that last ounce is what really counts."

The American does not join in the argument but watches the other guests. As he looks, he sees a strange expression come over the face of the hostess. She is staring straight ahead, her muscles contracting slightly. She motions to the native boy standing behind her chair and whispers something to him. The boy's eyes widen: he quickly leaves the room.

Of the guests, none except the American notices this or sees the boy place a bowl of milk on the veranda just outside the open doors.

The American comes to with a start. In India, milk in a bowl means only one thing -- t for a snake. He realizes there must be a cobra in the room. He looks up at the rafters -- the likeliest place -- but they are bare. Three corners of the room are empty, and in the fourth the servants are waiting to serve the next course. There is only one place left -- under the table.

His first impulse is to jump back and warn the others, but he knows the commotion would frighten the cobra into striking. He speaks quickly, the tone of his voice so commanding that it silences everyone.

"I want to know just what control everyone at this table has. I will count three hundred -- that's five minutes -- and not one of you is to move a muscle. Those who move will forfeit 50 rupees. Ready?"

The 20 people sit like stone images while he counts. He is saying "...two hundred and eighty..." when, out of the corner of his eye, he sees the cobra emerge and make for the bowl of milk. Screams ring out as he jumps to slam the veranda doors safely shut.

"You were right, Major!" the host exclaims. "A man has just shown us an example of perfect self-control."

"Just a minute," the American says, turning to his hostess. "Mrs. Wynnes, how did you know that cobra was in the room?"

A faint smile lights up the woman's face as she replies: "Because it was crawling across my foot."

NEW WORDS

heated

a. with strong, excited, and often angry feelings 热烈的;激烈的

unexpected

a. not expected 意外的

naturalist

n. one who makes a special study of plants or animals outdoors 博物学家(尤指直接观察动植物者)

shortly

ad. Soon; (in) a little time 不久,马上

colonial]

a. of or related to a colony or colonies 殖民地的`

spacious

a. big; having much space 广阔的;宽阔的

dining

n. 餐厅

bare

a. not covered (with a carpet); empty 不铺地毯的;赤裸的;光秃的

marble

n. 大理石

rafter

n. one of the sloping beams that support 椽

onto

prep. to a position or point on 到...之上; 向...之上

veranda

n. 阳台

spirited

a. full of spirit; lively

outgrow

vt. leave behind, as one grows older or more mature 长大得使...不再适用; 成长得不再要

mouse

n. 鼠

era

n. 时代,年代

major

n. 少校

crisis

n. time of difficulty, danger, etc. 危机

ounce

n. 盎司;少量

argument

n. discussion by persons who disagree; dispute 争论;辩论

hostess

n. 女主人

muscle

n. 肌肉

contract

vi. become shorter or smaller 收缩

contraction

n.

slightly

ad. a little 稍微地

slight

a.

motion

vi. give a signal by moving the hand or head 打手势;点(或摇)头示意

widen

v. make or become wider

t

n. food used to attract fish, animals, or birds so that they may be caught 诱饵

cobra

n. poisonous snake found in India and Africa 眼镜蛇

likely

a. probable 可能的

impulse

n. sudden wish to do sth. 冲动

commotion

n. noisy confusion or excitement 混乱;骚动

tone

n. quality of voice or music 语气;音调

commanding

a. authoritative 威严的

forfeit

vt. suffer the loss of (sth.) as a punishment (作为惩罚而)失去

rupee

n. monetary unit of India, Pakistan, etc. 卢比

image

n. statue 雕像

emerge

vi. come or appear (from somewhere)

emergence

n.

slam

vt. shut loudly and with force 砰地关上

host

n. man who receives guests 男主人

faint

a. weak, indistinct 微弱的;不明显的

crawl

vi move slowly by pulling the body along the ground 爬行

❹ 全新版大学英语综合教程第二册第7单元课文详解

全新版大学英语综合教程第二册第7单元课文详解

导语:英语是世界上最广泛的第一语言,因此我们从小就开始学习英语,下面是一篇关于学习英语的英语课文,欢迎大家来学习。

Learning about English

Part I Pre-Reading Task

Listen to the recording two or three times and then think over the following questions:

1. What is the passage about?

2. What's your impression of the English language?

3. Can you give one or two examples to illustrate(说明)the messiness of the English language?

4. Can you guess what the texts in this unit are going to be about?

The following words in the recording may be new to you:

eggplant

n. 茄子

pineapple

n. 菠萝

hamburger

n. 汉堡牛肉饼,汉堡包

Part II

Text

Some languages resist the introction of new words. Others, like English, seem to welcome them. Robert MacNeil looks at the history of English and comes to the conclusion that its tolerance for change represents deeply rooted ideas of freedom.

THE GLORIOUS MESSINESS OF ENGLISH

Robert MacNeil

The story of our English language is typically one of massive stealing from other languages. That is why English today has an estimated vocabulary of over one million words, while other major languages have far fewer.

French, for example, has only about 75,000 words, and that includes English expressions like snack bar and hit parade. The French, however, do not like borrowing foreign words because they think it corrupts their language. The government tries to ban words from English and declares that walkman is not desirable; so they invent a word, balladeur, which French kids are supposed to say instead — but they don't.

Walkman is fascinating because it isn't even English. Strictly speaking, it was invented by the Japanese manufacturers who put two simple English words together to name their proct. That doesn't bother us, but it does bother the French. Such is the glorious messiness of English. That happy tolerance, that willingness to accept words from anywhere, explains the richness of English and why it has become, to a very real extent, the first truly globallanguage.

How did the language of a small island off the coast of Europe become the language of the planet — more widely spoken and written than any other has ever been? The history of English is present in the first words a child learns about identity (I, me, you); possession (mine, yours); the body (eye, nose, mouth); size (tall, short); and necessities (food, water). These words all come from Old English or Anglo-Saxon English, the core of our language. Usually short and direct, these are words we still use today for the things that really matter to us.

Great speakers often use Old English to arouse our emotions. For example, ring World War II, Winston Churchill made this speech, stirring the courage of his people against Hitler's armies positioned to cross the English Channel: "We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills. We shall never surrender."

Virtually every one of those words came from Old English, except the last — surrender, which came from Norman French. Churchill could have said, "We shall never give in," but it is one of the lovely — and powerful — opportunities of English that a writer can mix, for effect, different words from different backgrounds. Yet there is something direct to the heart that speaks to us from the earliest words in our language.

When Julius Caesar invaded Britain in 55 B.C., English did not exist. The Celts, who inhabited the land, spoke languages that survive today mainly as Welsh. Where those languages came from is still a mystery, but there is a theory.

Two centuries ago an English judge in India noticed that several words in Sanskrit closely resembled some words in Greek and Latin. A systematic study revealed that many modern languages descended from a commonparent language, lost to us because nothing was written down.

Identifying similar words, linguists have come up with what they call an Indo-European parent language, spoken until 3500 to 2000 B.C. These people had common words for snow, bee and wolf but no word for sea. So some scholars assume they lived somewhere in north-central Europe, where it was cold. Traveling east, some established the languages of India and Pakistan, and others drifted west toward the gentler climates of Europe, Some who made the earliest move westward became known as the Celts, whom Caesar's armies found in Britain.

New words came with the Germanic tribes — the Angles, the Saxons, etc. — that slipped across the North Sea to settle in Britain in the 5th century. Together they formed what we call Anglo-Saxon society.

The Anglo-Saxons passed on to us their farming vocabulary, including sheep, ox, earth, wood, field and work. They must have also enjoyed themselves because they gave us the word laughter.

The next big influence on English was Christianity. It enriched the Anglo-Saxon vocabulary with some 400 to 500 words from Greek and Latin, including angel, disciple and martyr.

Then into this relatively peaceful land came the Vikings from Scandinavia. They also brought to English many words that begin with sk, like sky and skirt. But Old Norse and English both survived, and so you can rear a child (English) or raise a child (Norse). Other such pairs survive: wish and want, craft and skill, hide and skin. Each such addition gave English more richness, more variety.

Another flood of new vocabulary occurred in 1066, when the Normans conquered England. The country now had three languages: French for the nobles, Latin for the churches and English for the common people. With three languages competing, there were sometimes different terms for the same thing. For example, Anglo-Saxons had the word kingly, but after the Normans, royal and sovereign entered the language as alternatives. The extraordinary thing was that French did not replace English. Over three centuries English graally swallowed French, and by the end of the 15th century what had developed was a modified, greatly enriched language — Middle English — with about 10,000 "borrowed" French words.

Around 1476 William Caxton set up a printing press in England and started a communications revolution. Printing brought into English the wealth of new thinking that sprang from the European Renaissance. Translations of Greek and Roman classics were poured onto the printed page, and with them thousands of Latin words like capsule and habitual, and Greek words like catastrophe and thermometer. Today we still borrow from Latin and Greek to name new inventions, like video, television and cyberspace.

As settlers landed in North America and established the United States, English found itself with two sources — American and British. Scholars in Britain worried that the language was out of control, and some wanted to set up an academy to decide which words were proper and which were not. Fortunately their idea has never been put into practice.

That tolerance for change also represents deeply rooted ideas of freedom. Danish scholar Otto Jespersen wrote in 1905, "The English language would not have been what it is if the English had not been for centuries great respecters of the liberties of each indivial and if everybody had not been free to strike out new paths for himself."

I like that idea. Consider that the same cultural soil procing the English language also nourished the great principles of freedom and rights of man in the modern world. The first shoots sprang up in England, and they grew stronger in America. The English-speaking peoples have defeated all efforts to build fences around their language.

Indeed, the English language is not the special preserve of grammarians, language police, teachers, writers or the intellectual elite. English is, and always has been, the tongue of the common man.

New Words and Expressions

messiness

n. 杂乱状况

messy a.

massive

a. large in scale, amount, or degree 大量的,大规模的

vocabulary

n. 词汇(量)

snack▲

n. a small meal 快餐,点心

snack bar

快餐柜,小吃店

parade

n. 游行;阅兵队列

hit parade

a weekly listing of the current best-selling pop records 流行唱片目录

corrupt▲

vt. cause errors to appear in; cause to act dishonestly in return for personal gains 讹用,使(语言)变得不标准;腐蚀,贿赂

ban

vt. forbid (sth.) officially 禁止,取缔

walkman

n. a small cassette player 随身听

strictly speaking

严格地讲

invent

vt. 发明

invention n.

fascinating

a. of great interest or attraction 迷人的,有极大吸引力的

manufacturer

n. 制造商

proct

n. 产品

tolerance

n. 容忍,宽容;忍耐

to a (very real, certain, etc.) extent

to the degree specified 在(极大,某种)程度上

necessity

n. 必需品;必要(性)

Anglo-Saxon

n. 盎格鲁—萨克逊人

arouse

vt. provoke (a particular feeling or attitude) 唤起,激起

channel

n. 海峡;渠道;频道

surrender

v. give in 投降

virtually

ad. for the most part, almost 差不多,几乎

invade

vt. enter with armed forces 侵入,侵略

Celt

n. 凯尔特人

inhabit▲

vt. live in (a place) 居住于

Welsh

a., n. 威尔士语(的),威尔士人的

mystery

n. 神秘的事物

Sanskrit

n. 梵语

resemble

vt. be like or similar to 与…相似

Greek

n. 希腊语

Latin

n. 拉丁语

systematic

a. done according to a system 有系统的

descend

vi. come down (from a source); go down 起源于;下来

linguist

n. a person who studies languages 语言学家

Indo-European

a. 印欧语系的

wolf

n. 狼

scholar

n. 学者

establish

vt. cause to be, set up 建立,确立

drift

vi. move or go somewhere in a slow casual way 漂泊

climate

n. (an area or a region with) a regular pattern of weather conditions 气候(区)

Germanic

a. 日耳曼(人)的,日耳曼语的,德国(人)的

tribe▲

n. 部落

pass (sth.) on to (sb.)

hand or give (sth.) to (sb.) 将…传给…

influence

n. 影响

Christianity

n. 基督教

Christian

a. 基督教的

n. 基督教徒

disciple

n. 信徒,门徒

martyr

n. 殉难者,烈士

Norse

n. (古)斯堪的纳维亚语

addition

n. a person or thing added 增加的人(或物)

Norman

n., a. 诺曼人(的.),诺曼语(的),诺曼文化的

conquer

v. take possession and control by force; defeat 征服

kingly

a. 国王(般)的

royal

a. 国王或女王的;皇家的

sovereign▲

a. (of power) without limit, highest; (of a nation) fully independent 拥有最高统治权的,至高无上的;拥有主权的

alternative

n. one of two or more possibilities 供选择的东西

modify

vt. change slightly 修改,更改

enrich▲

vt. make rich or richer; improve 使富裕,使丰富

Renaissance▲

n. (欧洲14-16世纪的)文艺复兴

translation

n. 译本,译文;翻译

Roman

a. 古罗马的,拉丁语的

classic

n. a work of art recognized as having lasting value 经典作品

capsule▲

n. 密封小容器;胶囊;航天舱

habitual

a. done as a habit, regular, usual 惯常的

catastrophe▲

n. a sudden great disaster 大灾难

thermometer

n. 温度计

video

n., a. 录像(的)

cyberspace

n. the notional environment in which communication over computer networks occurs 网络空间,虚拟空间

independent

a. not controlled by other people or things 独立的,自主的

source

n. 源,来源

out of control

失去控制,不受约束

academy

n. 学会,学院,研究院

fortunately

ad. by good luck 幸运地,幸亏

put into practice

将…付诸实施

Danish

a. 丹麦(人)的,丹麦语的

liberty

n. freedom 自由

strike out

create, proce 创造,开创

cultural

a. of or involving culture 文化的

nourish▲

vt. 滋养,培育

preserve

n. 独占的地区或范围;禁猎地

vt. keep from harm, damage, etc., protect; save 保护,保存

grammarian

n. 语法学家

intellectual

n., a. 知识分子(的)

elite▲

n. the group regarded as the best (总称)出类拔萃的人,精英

Proper Names

Robert MacNeil

罗伯特·麦克尼尔

Winston Churchill

温斯顿·丘吉尔(1874 — 1965,英国政治家、首相)

Hitler

希特勒(1889 — 1945,纳粹德国元首)

Julius Caesar

尤利乌斯·凯撒(100 — 44BC,古罗马将军、政治家)

Britain

英国

India

印度

Pakistan

巴基斯坦

Viking

(8 — 10世纪时劫掠欧洲西北海岸的)北欧海盗

Scandinavia

斯堪的纳维亚

England

英格兰

William Caxton

威廉·卡克斯顿(英国印刷商、翻译家)

Otto Jespersen

奥托·叶斯柏森(1860 — 1943)

Language sense Enhancement

1. Read aloud paragraphs 17-19 and learn by heart.

2. Read aloud the following poem:

Languages

Carl Sandbury

There are no handles upon a language

Whereby men take hold of it

And mark it with signs for its remembrance.

It is a river, this language,

Once in a thousand years

Breaking a new course

Changing its way to the ocean.

It is a mountain effluvia

Moving to valleys

And from nation to nation

Crossing borders and mixing.

3. Read the following quotations. Learn them by heart if you can. You might need to look up new words in a dictionary.

The English language is the sea which receives tributaries from every region under heaven.

—— Ralph Waldo Emerson

Language ought to be the joint creation of poets and manual workers.

—— Georqe Orwell

England and America are two countries separated by the same language.

—— Georqe Bernard Shaw

4. Read the following joke and see if you can tell what caused the misunderstanding of the technician's words by the woman. You might need to look up new words in a dictionary.

An office technician got a call from a user. The user told the technician that her computer was not working. She described the problem and the technician concluded that the computer needed to be brought in and serviced.

He told her to "Unplug the power cord and bring it up here and I will fix it."

About fifteen minutes later she showed up at his door with the power cord in her hand.

;

❺ 新视野大学英语(第三版)第二册课后翻译答案及原文

Unit 1

原文:English is known as a world language, regularly used by many nations whose English is not their first language. Like other languages, English has changed greatly. The history of the English language can be divided into three main periods: Old English, Middle English and Modern English. The English language started with the invasion of Britain by three Germanic tribes ring the 5th century AD, and they contributed greatly to the formation of the English language. During the medieval and early modern periods, the influence of English spread throughout the British Isles, and from the early 17th century its influence began to be felt throughout the world. The processes of European exploration and colonization for several centuries led to significant change in English. Today, American English is particularly influential, e to the popularity of American cinema, television, music, trade and technology, including the Internet.

翻译:人们普遍认为英语是一种世界语言,经常被许多不以英语为第一语言的国家使用。与其他语言一样,英语也发生了很大的变化。英语的历史可以分为三个主要阶段:古英语,中古英语和现代英语。英语起源于公元5世纪,当时三个日耳曼部落入侵英国,他们对英语语言的形成起了很大的作用。在中世纪和现代社会初期,英语的影响遍及不列颠群岛。从17世纪初,它的影响力开始在世界各地显现。欧洲几百年的探险和殖民过程导致了英语的重大变化。今天,由于美国电影、电视、音乐、贸易和技术、包括互联网的大受欢迎,美国英语的影响力尤其显著。

原文:中国书法(calligraphy)是一门独特的艺术,是世界上独一无二的艺术瑰宝。中国书法艺术的形成、发展与汉文字的产生与演进存在着密不可分的关系。汉字在漫长的演变发展过程中,一方面起着交流思想、继承文化的重要作用,另一方面它本身又形成了一种独特的艺术。书法能够通过作品把书法家个人的生活感受、学识、修养、个性等折射出来,所以,通常有"字如其人"的说法。中国书法不仅是中华民族的文化瑰宝,而且在世界文化艺术宝库中独放异彩。

翻译:Chinese calligraphy is a unique art and the unique art treasure in the world. The formation and development of the Chinese calligraphy is closely related to the emergence and evolution of Chinese characters. In this long evolutionary process, Chinese characters have not only played an important role in exchanging ideas and transmitting culture but also developed into a unique art form. Calligraphic works well reflect calligraphers' personal feelings, knowledge, self-cultivation, personality, and so forth, thus there is an expression that "seeing the calligrapher's handwriting is like seeing the person". As one of the treasures of Chinese culture, Chinese calligraphy shines splendidly in the world's treasure house of culture and art.

Unit 2

原文:A MOOC (massive open online course) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. MOOCs are a recent development in distance ecation and have now become a surging trend in higher ecation. These classes are aimed at expanding a university's reach from thousands of tuition-paying students who live in town, to millions of students around the world. In addition to traditional course materials, MOOCs provide interactive user forums to support interactions between students and professors. MOOCs can encourage communication among participants who bring a variety of viewpoints, knowledge, and skills to the course; inspire people to "try on" subjects that they wouldn't otherwise pursue or even try on ecation itself; provide multiple ways to engage with course material, encouraging multimodal (多模式的) learning that can address the needs of learners with a variety of learning styles; and inspire better teaching and use of technologies for face-to-face courses.

翻译:慕课是一种网络课程,它旨在通过网络实现广泛参与和开放接入。慕课是远程教育迈出的最新一步,现已在高等教育领域迅速引领潮流。通过这些课程,大学可以扩大影响的范围,从影响成千上万住在城里付学费的学生,扩展到惠及全球上百万的学生。除了拥有传统的课程资料,慕课还给使用者提供互动论坛,支持学生和讲师之间的交流。慕课能够促进参与者之间的交流,使得多种观点、知识和技能涌现到课堂上来;它鼓励人们尝试之前不可能尝试的课程,甚至是尝试新的教育方式;它提供多种学习课程资料的方式,鼓励多模式学习,以各种学习风格满足学习者的需求;另外,慕课促进教学的改善,使技术在面对面授课中得以更好地应用。

原文:近年来,随着互联网技术的发展,我国的数字化教育资源建设取得了巨大的成就。很多高校建立了自己的数字化学习平台,数字化教学在教育中发挥着越来越大的作用。和传统教学方式相比,数字化教学方式有很大的优势。一方面,数字化教学使教学资源得以全球共享;另一方面,它拓展了学习者的学习时间和空间,人们可以随时随地通过互联网进入数字化的虚拟学校学习。这使得人类从接受一次性教育走向终身学习成为可能。

翻译:In recent years, with the development of Internet technology, the construction of digital ecation resources of our country has made great achievements. Many universities have set up their own digital learning platforms, and digital teaching is playing an increasingly important role in ecation. Compared with the traditional way of teaching, the digital way has a lot of advantages. On one hand, digital teaching makes global sharing of teaching resources possible; on the other hand, it expands the learner's study time and space to learn, allowing people to get access to the digital virtual schools through the Internet anytime and anywhere. These advantages make it possible for people to shift from one-time learning to lifelong learning.

Unit 3

原文:As an important part of the American culture value system, "indivialism" is admired by most American people. Americans view the family as a group whose primary purpose is to advance the happiness of indivial members. In contrast to many other cultures, the primary responsibility of the American family member is not to advance the family as a group, either socially or economically. What would be best for the family is not usually considered to be as important as what would be best for the indivial. With freedom comes the responsibility to care for oneself, for it is the freedom of choice that carries with it the responsibility: to accept the consequences of the choices. Many Americans give their children a lot of freedom because they want them to be independent and self-reliant. Along with the American emphasis on indivial freedom, the belief in equality between parents and children also has had a strong effect on the family.
翻译:作为美国文化价值体系的一个重要组成部分,"个人主义"受到大多数美国人的推崇。美国人认为家庭作为一个群体,其主要目的是促进家庭各成员的幸福。与许多其他文化相比,美国家庭成员的主要职责,不是在社会上或经济上提高整个家庭的地位。人们通常认为,什么是对个人最好的要比什么是对家庭最好的更为重要。与自由相伴而来的是照顾自己的责任,因为所选择的自由承载了责任,即必须接受自己的选择所带来的后果。许多美国人给他们的孩子很多的自由,因为他们希望孩子们能够独立和自力更生。在美国人强调个人自由的同时,父母与孩子间平等的信念也对美国家庭产生了巨大的影响。

原文:孝道(filial piety)是中国古代社会的基本道德规范(code of ethics)。中国人把孝视为人格之本、家庭和睦之本、国家安康之本。由于孝道是儒家伦理思想的核心,它成了中国社会千百年来维系家庭关系的道德准则。它毫无疑问是中华民族的一种传统美德。孝道文化是一个复合概念,内容丰富,涉及面广。它既有文化理念,又有制度礼仪(institutional etiquette)。一般来说,它指社会要求子女对父母应尽的义务,包括尊敬、关爱、赡养老人等等。孝道是古老的"东方文明"之根本。

翻译:Filial piety is the basic code of ethics in ancient Chinese society. Chinese people consider filial piety as the essence of a person's integrity, family harmony, and the nation's well-being. With filial piety being the core of Confucian ethics, it has been the moral standard for the Chinese society to maintain the family relationship for thousands of years. It's undoubtedly a traditional Chinese virtue. The culture of filial piety is a complex concept, rich in content and wide in range. It includes not only cultural ideas but also institutional etiquettes. Generally speaking, it refers to the obligation of children to their parents required by the society, including respect, care, support for the elderly and so forth. Filial piety is fundamental to the ancient "Oriental civilization".
Unit 4

原文:Valentine's Day on February 14 is celebrated in various American and European countries. It is a holiday of love and romance usually by exchanging valentines or love tokens between lovers. There are different origins regarding the festival. One legend goes that the Romans put a priest named Saint Valentine into prison for refusing to believe in the Roman gods. On February 14, Valentine was put to death not only because he was Christian, but also because he had cured the jailer's daughter of blindness. The night before he was executed he wrote her a farewell letter signed "From your Valentine". Later, February 14 became a holiday for people to show affection for their loved ones. Today, people celebrate Valentine's Day in different ways, sending greeting cards and flowers, giving chocolate or other gifts, or joining in romantic dinners. The holiday has now become popular all over the world. In China the festival is also becoming increasingly popular with young people.
翻译:美洲和欧洲各国都会庆祝2月14日的情人节。这是一个充满爱情和浪漫的节日,恋人之间通常都会交换情人卡和爱情信物。关于这个节日的起源有着不同的说法。一个传说是罗马人把一个叫圣瓦伦丁的神父关进了监狱,因为他拒绝相信罗马神。2月14日那天,瓦伦丁被处死,不仅因为他是基督徒,而且因为他曾治愈了一位监狱看守双目失明的女儿。他在被处死的前一天晚上给她写了一封署名“你的瓦伦丁”的告别信。后来,2月14日就成了一个人们可以为他们的情人展示感情的节日。现在,人们以不同的方式庆祝情人节,他们发送贺卡、鲜花,赠送巧克力或其他礼品,或共进浪漫的晚餐。现在这个节日已流行世界各地。在中国,这个节日也正越来越受年轻人的欢迎。

原文:农历七月初七是中国的七夕节 (Qixi Festival),是中国传统节日中最具浪漫色彩的一个节日。一些大的商家每年都举办不同的活动,年轻人也送礼物给他们的情人。因此,七夕节被认为是中国的“情人节”(Valentine's Day)。七夕节来自牛郎与织女(Cowherd and Weaving Maid)的传说。相传,每年的这个夜晚,天上的织女都会与牛郎相会。所以,在七夕的夜晚,人们可以看到牛郎织女在银河 (the Milky Way)相会。姑娘们也会在这一天晚上向天上的织女乞求智慧,以获得美满姻缘。但随着时代的变迁,这些活动正在消失,唯有标志着忠贞爱情的牛郎织女的传说一直流传民间。

翻译:July 7th on the Chinese calendar is Chinese Qixi Festival, the most romantic of all the traditional Chinese holidays. Every year, some big businesses organize various activities, and young people send gifts to their lovers. As a result, the Qixi Festival is considered to be Chinese "Valentine's Day". The Qixi Festival is derived from the legend of Cowherd and Weaving Maid. The legend holds that on this particular night every year the Weaving Maid in heaven meets with Cowherd. So, people can see Cowherd and Weaving Maid meeting in the Milky Way on the night of Qixi. On this night, girls would also beg Weaving Maid for some wisdom for a happy marriage. But, with the changing of times, these activities are diminishing. All that remains is the legend of Cowherd and Weaving Maid, a sign of faithful love, continuously circulated among the folk.

❻ 大学英语精读第二册第7课内容介绍

大学英语精读第二册第7课内容介绍

导语:运气是指某种事件发生的概率微小、随机性强、无法计算且不可竖坦控制的情况下,事件结果产生后恰好与某人的猜想或个人情况决定一致,并且在现实中发生一般为不可思议或完全不可能余贺桐存在的背景下发生的事件。下面是一篇关于运气的'英语课文,欢迎大家来学习。

TEXT

In this article the author describes what happened to her one night and what happened to her one night and her feelings about it.

拍裂There's Only Luck

My mind went numb when I saw the gun pointing against the car window as we pulled out of the garage: This can't be happening to me. Then I felt the gun, cold, against my head, and I heard my friend Jeremy saying, "What do you want? Take my wallet," but at the time I thought of nothing.

I remember being vaguely annoyed when the gunman pulled me from the car by the hair. I remember the walk to the house - Jeremy, me, the two men with two guns. I remember the fear and anger in the gunmen's voices because Jeremy was being slow, and I remember wondering why he waas being slow. I did not realize that Jeremy had thrown the keys into the shrubbery. But I remember that sound of the gun hitting Jeremy's head and the feeling as the man who had hold of my hair released me. And I remember the split second when I realized he was looking at Jeremy, and I remember wondering how far I could run before he pulled the trigger. But I was already running, and upon reaching the car across the street, I didn't crouch behind it but screamed instead.

I remember thinking there was something absurdly melodramatic about screaming "Help, help!" at eight o'clock on a Tuesday evening in December and changing my plea to the more specific "Help, let me in, please let me in!" But the houses were cold, closed, unfriendly, and I ran on until I heard Jeremy's screams behind me announcing that our attackers had fled.

The neighbors who had not opened their doors to us came out with baseball bats and helped Jeremy find his glasses and keys. In a group they were very brave. We waited for the cops to come until someone said to someone else that the noodles were getting cold, and I said politely, "Please go and eat. We're O.K."

I was happy to see them go. They had been talking of stiffer sentences for criminals, of bringing back the death penalty and how the President is going to clean up the country. I was thinking, they could be saying all of this over my dead body, and I still feel that stiffer sentences wouldn't change a thing. In a rush all the rage I should have felt for my attackers was directed against these contented people standing in front of their warm, cozy homes talking about all the guns they were going to buy. What good would guns have been to Jeremy and me?

People all over the neighborhood had called to report our screams, and the police turned out in force twenty minutes later. They were ill-tempered about what was, to them, much ado about nothing. After all, Jeremy was hardly hurt, and we were hopeless when it came to identification. "Typical," said one cop when we couldn't even agree on how tall the men were. Both of us were able to describe the guns in horrifying detail, but the two policemen who stayed to make the report didn't think that would be much help.

The cops were matter-of-fact about the whole thing. The thin one said, "That was a stupid thing to do, throwing away the keys. When a man has a gun against your head you do what you're told." Jeremy looked properly sheepish.

Then the fat cop same up and the thin one went to look around the outside of the house. "That was the best thing you could have done, throwing away the keys," he said. "If you had gone into the house with them…" His voice trailed off. "They would have hurt her" - he jerked his head toward me - "and killed you both." Jeremy looked happier. "Look," said the fat cop kindly, "there's no right of wrong in the situation. There's just luck."

All that sleepless night I replayed the moment those black gloves came up to the car window. How long did the whole thing last? Three minutes, five, eight? No matter how many hours of my life I may spend reliving it, I know there is no way to prepare for the next time - no intelligent response to a gun. The fat cop was right: There's only luck. The next time I might end up dead.

And I'm sure there will be a next time. It can happen anywhere, anytime, to anyone. Security is an illusion; there is no safety in locks or in guns. Guns make some people feel safe and some people feel strong, but they're fooling themselves.

NEW WORDS

numb

n. having lost the power of feeling or moving 失去感觉的,麻木的

garage

n. building in which a car is kept 汽车库

wallet

n. leather pocket-case for paper money, cards, etc. 皮夹

vaguely

ad. not clearly 模糊地

vague

a.

annoy

vt. make rather angry 使恼怒

gunman

n. a man armed with a gun, esp. a criminal or terrorist 持枪歹徒

shrubbery

n. low bushes forming a mass or group 灌木丛

release

vt. set free 松开;释放

split

vt. divide into parts 劈开

split second

very brief moment of time; instant 瞬间,一刹那

trigger

n. 扳机

crouch

vi. lower the body to the ground 蹲伏

absurdly

ad. foolishly; ridiculously 愚蠢地,荒唐可笑地

absurd

a.

melodramatic

a. exciting in effect, often too much so to be thought real 感情夸张;闹剧式的

plea

n. asking for sth. with strong feelings 恳求

specific

a. definite; not general 明确的;具体的

flee

v. run away (from) 逃走;逃离

baseball

n. 棒球(运动)

bat

n. 球棒,球拍

cop

n. (informal) policeman

noodle

n. (usu. pl.) 面条

stiff

a. severe 严厉

criminal

n. someone who has broken the law 罪犯

penalty

n. punishment 惩罚

rage

n. great anger 狂怒

contented

a. satisfied; happy 满足的

cozy

a. warm and comfortable 暖和舒适的

ill-tempered

a. (often) angry or annoyed 脾气坏的;易怒的

ado

n. trouble and excitement 忙乱

hopeless

a. giving no cause for hope; very bad or unskilled 没有希望的;无能的

identification

n. 鉴别

identify

vt.

horrify

vt. frighten; shock very much 使恐怖;使震惊

detail

n. small, particular fact 细节

matter-of-fact

a. concerned with the facts; practical 注重事实的;讲究实际的

sheepish

a. foolish or embarrassed by awareness of a fault 局促不安的

trail

vi. grow graally weaker, dimmer, etc.

jerk

vt. pull or lift suddenly 猛拉;猛抬

replay

vt. play (match, recording, etc.) over again 重放

glove

n. 手套

last

vi. go on

relive

vt. experience again, esp. in the imagination

intelligent

a. clever; rational 聪明的;明智的

response

n. action done in answer; answer 反应;回答

respond

vi.

security

n. safety, freedom from danger or fear 安全,平安

secure

a.

illusion

n. false perception; (the seeing of) sth. that does not really exist 错觉;幻觉

PHRASES & EXPRESSIONS

pull out (of)

move out (of) (车,船等)驶出

have (get, catch) hold of

抓住

bring back

restore, reintroce 恢复

clean up

clean thoroughly and remove anything unwanted 彻底打扫;整肃

turn out

appear; come or go out to see or do sth. 出来,出动

in force

in large numbers 大批地,人数众多地

much ado about nothing

a lot of unnecessary explaining, of excitement about things not serious or unimportant 无事生非;小题大作

come to

reach (a particular point) in explaining, etc. 谈到(某一点)

agree on

have the same opinion on

in detail

giving a lot of facts 详细地

trail off

(voice, etc.) become graally weaker and fade into silence (声音等)逐渐变弱

no way

不可能

prepare for

get ready for

and up 结束,告终

PROPER NAMES

Ruth Reichl

露丝.赖克尔

Jeremy

杰里米(男子名)

;
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